Nihongo Master Verbs

What I’ve Learned 4/24 – 5/4

Here’s what I’ve done in the past week and a half!

WaniKani - Level 9 Kanji

CharacterMeaningOnyomiKunyomi
heavyじゅう, ちょうおも, かさ, え
loseま, お
thingぶつ, もつもの
newしんあたら, あら, にい
winしょう
beforehandあらかじ
tool
sendそうおく
discussだん
beauty, beautifulび, みうつく
expressひょうあらわ, おもて
worldかい
departureはつ
part, department, club
action, matter, thingこと, つか
accept, receiveじゅ
truth, realityじつ
mutualそう, しょうあい
roof, shop, storeおく
needようい, かなめ
determineてい, じょうさだ
rideじょう
使useつか
returnへんかえ
degrees, occurrenceど, たくたび
guestきゃく
prefectureけん
peace, japanese styleわ, おなご, やわ
hold
waitたい
clothes, clothingふく
swimえいおよ
begin, startはじ
sufferingくる, にが
temporaryかり

Instead of showing just my current WaniKani level Kanji, I’ll also show the vocabulary I’m working on for level 9. There are over 100 entries, so the table defaults to showing 10 entries, you can tab through them all if you like.

WaniKani Level 9 Vocabulary

CharacterKanaMeaning
ものthing
予定よていa plan, plan
泳ぐおよぐto swim
勝者しょうしゃwinner, victor
和風わふうjapanese style
待つまつto wait
乗るのるto ride
美人びじんbeautiful woman
ふくclothes, clothing
お客さんおきゃくさんguest, visitor, customer
用事ようじerrand, business
中学校ちゅうがっこうmiddle school, junior high school
待たせるまたせるto make someone wait, to keep someone waiting, to make wait, to keep waiting
〜県けんprefecture
毎度まいどeach time, frequently, every time
勝負しょうぶmatch, showdown, contest
仮にかりにtemporarily, suppose
相談そうだんconsultation, discussion, advice
本屋ほんやbookstore, book shop
食事しょくじmeal
不自由ふじゆうdiscomfort, inconvenience, disability, impairment, poverty, destitution
全部ぜんぶall, entire, whole
天使てんしangel
新年しんねんnew year
食べ物たべものfood
火事かじfire
発表はっぴょうannouncement, presentation
記事きじarticle, news story, report, account, news article
仮定かていassumption, hypothesis
通りとおりavenue, street, road, way
気を付けてきをつけてbe careful, take care
苦いにがいbitter tasting, bitter
体重たいじゅうbody weight
肉屋にくやbutcher shop, meat shop, meat store
対談たいだんconversation, dialogue, talk
決定けっていdecision, determination
〜度degrees
出発しゅっぱつdeparture
発見はっけんdiscovery
二重にじゅうdouble, dual
楽勝らくしょうeasy victory, easy win
重要じゅうようessential, important, necessary
魚屋さかなやfish shop, fish market, fish dealer, fish store, fishmonger
発売はつばいfor sale, selling, item for sale, sale
おもてfront, surface, exterior, face, outside, appearance
家具かぐfurniture
客室きゃくしつguest room
高校生こうこうせいhigh school student, high schooler
家事かじhousework, chores
何度なんどhow many times, how often, what temperature
大事だいじimportant, valuable, serious matter
和食わしょくjapanese style food, japanese food
仮名かなkana
必要ひつようnecessary, needed, essential
新しいあたらしいnew
苦しいくるしいpainful, agonizing, agonising
相手あいてpartner, companion
弱々しいよわよわしいweak looking, frail, weak seeming, seemingly weak
住民じゅうみんresidents, citizens
〜屋store, shop
必勝ひっしょうsure victory, certain victory, sure win, sure victory, certain win
泳ぎおよぎswimming, swim
茶屋ちゃやtea shop, tea store, tea house
〜部department, club, category
和室わしつjapanese style room
本物ほんものthe real thing, real deal, the real deal, real thing, genuine article, the genuine article
持つもつto hold, to bring, to carry
ことthing, matter, action
今度こんどthis time, next time
工事こうじconstruction
返事へんじreply, response
付くつくto be attached
実力じつりょくtrue strength, true ability, true power
道具どうぐtool
勝つかつto win
受けるうけるto receive, to accept, to catch
和服わふくjapanese style clothes, japanese clothing, japanese style clothing, japanese clothes
始めにはじめにin the beginning, to begin with, to start with
部屋へやroom
始まるはじまるto begin, something begins, to start, something starts
角度かくどangle
弱虫よわむしweakling, coward
始めるはじめるto begin, to start, to begin something, to start something
気持ちきもちfeeling
小学校しょうがっこうelementary school, primary school, grade school
名物めいぶつfamous product, special product, famous goods, special goods, famous item, special item
世界せかいthe world, society, the universe
見付けるみつけるto find, to find something
美しいうつくしいbeautiful
要点ようてんmain point, gist, main idea, essence
負けるまけるto lose, to be defeated
重いおもいheavy
高さたかさheight
白黒しろくろblack and white, white and black
乗せるのせるto give a ride, to give someone a ride, to place on
部室ぶしつclubroom
通すとおすto let pass, to overlook, to continue, to keep, to make way for, to persist in
欠かすかかすto miss, to fail, to fail to attend
要るいるto need
返すかえすto return, to return something
使うつかうto use
事実じじつtruth, fact, reality
じつtruth, reality
乗り物のりものvehicle
発音はつおんpronunciation
部分ぶぶんportion, section, part
教えおしえteaching, instruction, teachings, lesson, doctrine
付近ふきんneighborhood, neighbourhood, vicinity, environs, nearby, locality
部首ぶしゅradical
表すあらわすto express
ハート形ハートがた, はーとがたheart shaped
丁度ちょうどexactly, just
具合ぐあいcondition, health
生物せいぶつliving things, creatures, bio
送るおくるto send
名古屋なごやnagoya
平和へいわpeace, harmony
見物けんぶつsightseeing, sightseer, watching, watcher, viewing, viewer
金持ちかねもちrich person, rich, wealthy

 

NihongoMaster

I spent several days reviewing particle usage due to getting too many drills wrong relating to particles. I’ve increased my accuracy a lot, but still need to work on them more. I caved and made a OneNote on particle grammar (after I said I only write down notes in a notebook).  Now I have pages for each particle, complete with examples!

My OneNote notes on Particles

My OneNote notes on Japanese Particles

 

I also decided to add all the verbs I’ve learned in NihongoMaster, since I can search and sort the tables. Here is my Godan verb page.

Nihongo Master Verbs

Nihongo Master – Godan Verbs

 

I didn’t think I’d get much done with all this particle and verb review, but luckily, all the lessons covered kanji or vocab I already learned in WaniKani. But in NihongoMaster, I get to see and work with them in actual sentences!

You’ll notice a lot of my grammar lessons involve counters in both NihongoMaster and Human Japanese. Japanese have counters for everything it seems! You can’t just say two cats or two papers. There are special “counter” words for everything.

NihongoMaster Lessons

  • Combining two ideas using verb stems, particle に, and motion verbs:
    Topic は Location に {Object を Verb Stem に} 行きます
  • Kanji used in days of the week:  (moon for Monday),  (fire for Tuesday),  (water for Wednesday),  (tree for Thursday),  (gold for Friday),  (soil for Saturday) and  (for weekday)
  • Days of the month counters
  • Months and, combined with days of the month, how to describe a date
  • かぞく (family) and Extended family terms – おばさん (aunt), おじさん (uncle), おばあさん (grandmother), おじいさん (grandfather) – and using these when addressing strangers. Siblings: いもうと (younger sister) and おとうと (younger brother)
  • Kanji:  (come, next),  (now),  (year),  (week) and combining these words for vocabulary
  • People counters, ordinal numbers, “the best”
  • も particles
  • Kanji:  (company, corporation),  (see),  (high, tall),  (yen, circle),  (every) and related vocabulary

HUMAN JAPANESE

Still mostly reviewing all previous chapters, trying to “Master” all the quizzes. But most of the below is a review on what I’ve already learned with NihongoMaster or WaniKani.

  • Chapter 32: Counting Objects
    Teaches how to use numbers in sentences, which requires devices called counters, which are akin to English words like a loaf of bread, a pound of flour, and a bottle of wine.
  • Chapter 33: But…
    Examines how to create compound sentences with the negative conjunction.
  • Chapter 34: Adjectives
    Introduces adjectives in Japanese, along with the surprising fact that, like verbs, they conjugate to indicate tense.
  • Chapter 35: More Adjectives
    A vocab building lesson that adds dozens more adjectives to the student’s repertoire. Includes a dialogue.

JapanesePod101 Listening Practice

I finally settled on a learning track and finished Absolute Beginner Season 1 (25 lessons) and am a quarter of the way through Absolute Beginner Season 2. I plan to go over what I learned in more detail in another post.

2 thoughts on “What I’ve Learned 4/24 – 5/4

  1. tiamo says:

    Taylor,
    Thank you so much for creating the absolute best overall Japanese learning resource! I don’t know what I’d do without it. I’ve learned so much in just a few months of work. 🙂

    Angela

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