Nihongo Master Verbs

What I’ve Learned 4/24 – 5/4

Here’s what I’ve done in the past week and a half!

WaniKani - Level 9 Kanji

CharacterMeaningOnyomiKunyomi
heavyじゅう, ちょうおも, かさ, え
loseま, お
thingぶつ, もつもの
newしんあたら, あら, にい
winしょう
beforehandあらかじ
tool
sendそうおく
discussだん
beauty, beautifulび, みうつく
expressひょうあらわ, おもて
worldかい
departureはつ
part, department, club
action, matter, thingこと, つか
accept, receiveじゅ
truth, realityじつ
mutualそう, しょうあい
roof, shop, storeおく
needようい, かなめ
determineてい, じょうさだ
rideじょう
使useつか
returnへんかえ
degrees, occurrenceど, たくたび
guestきゃく
prefectureけん
peace, japanese styleわ, おなご, やわ
hold
waitたい
clothes, clothingふく
swimえいおよ
begin, startはじ
sufferingくる, にが
temporaryかり

Instead of showing just my current WaniKani level Kanji, I’ll also show the vocabulary I’m working on for level 9. There are over 100 entries, so the table defaults to showing 10 entries, you can tab through them all if you like.

WaniKani Level 9 Vocabulary

CharacterKanaMeaning
ものthing
予定よていa plan, plan
泳ぐおよぐto swim
勝者しょうしゃwinner, victor
和風わふうjapanese style
待つまつto wait
乗るのるto ride
美人びじんbeautiful woman
ふくclothes, clothing
お客さんおきゃくさんguest, visitor, customer
用事ようじerrand, business
中学校ちゅうがっこうmiddle school, junior high school
待たせるまたせるto make someone wait, to keep someone waiting, to make wait, to keep waiting
〜県けんprefecture
毎度まいどeach time, frequently, every time
勝負しょうぶmatch, showdown, contest
仮にかりにtemporarily, suppose
相談そうだんconsultation, discussion, advice
本屋ほんやbookstore, book shop
食事しょくじmeal
不自由ふじゆうdiscomfort, inconvenience, disability, impairment, poverty, destitution
全部ぜんぶall, entire, whole
天使てんしangel
新年しんねんnew year
食べ物たべものfood
火事かじfire
発表はっぴょうannouncement, presentation
記事きじarticle, news story, report, account, news article
仮定かていassumption, hypothesis
通りとおりavenue, street, road, way
気を付けてきをつけてbe careful, take care
苦いにがいbitter tasting, bitter
体重たいじゅうbody weight
肉屋にくやbutcher shop, meat shop, meat store
対談たいだんconversation, dialogue, talk
決定けっていdecision, determination
〜度degrees
出発しゅっぱつdeparture
発見はっけんdiscovery
二重にじゅうdouble, dual
楽勝らくしょうeasy victory, easy win
重要じゅうようessential, important, necessary
魚屋さかなやfish shop, fish market, fish dealer, fish store, fishmonger
発売はつばいfor sale, selling, item for sale, sale
おもてfront, surface, exterior, face, outside, appearance
家具かぐfurniture
客室きゃくしつguest room
高校生こうこうせいhigh school student, high schooler
家事かじhousework, chores
何度なんどhow many times, how often, what temperature
大事だいじimportant, valuable, serious matter
和食わしょくjapanese style food, japanese food
仮名かなkana
必要ひつようnecessary, needed, essential
新しいあたらしいnew
苦しいくるしいpainful, agonizing, agonising
相手あいてpartner, companion
弱々しいよわよわしいweak looking, frail, weak seeming, seemingly weak
住民じゅうみんresidents, citizens
〜屋store, shop
必勝ひっしょうsure victory, certain victory, sure win, sure victory, certain win
泳ぎおよぎswimming, swim
茶屋ちゃやtea shop, tea store, tea house
〜部department, club, category
和室わしつjapanese style room
本物ほんものthe real thing, real deal, the real deal, real thing, genuine article, the genuine article
持つもつto hold, to bring, to carry
ことthing, matter, action
今度こんどthis time, next time
工事こうじconstruction
返事へんじreply, response
付くつくto be attached
実力じつりょくtrue strength, true ability, true power
道具どうぐtool
勝つかつto win
受けるうけるto receive, to accept, to catch
和服わふくjapanese style clothes, japanese clothing, japanese style clothing, japanese clothes
始めにはじめにin the beginning, to begin with, to start with
部屋へやroom
始まるはじまるto begin, something begins, to start, something starts
角度かくどangle
弱虫よわむしweakling, coward
始めるはじめるto begin, to start, to begin something, to start something
気持ちきもちfeeling
小学校しょうがっこうelementary school, primary school, grade school
名物めいぶつfamous product, special product, famous goods, special goods, famous item, special item
世界せかいthe world, society, the universe
見付けるみつけるto find, to find something
美しいうつくしいbeautiful
要点ようてんmain point, gist, main idea, essence
負けるまけるto lose, to be defeated
重いおもいheavy
高さたかさheight
白黒しろくろblack and white, white and black
乗せるのせるto give a ride, to give someone a ride, to place on
部室ぶしつclubroom
通すとおすto let pass, to overlook, to continue, to keep, to make way for, to persist in
欠かすかかすto miss, to fail, to fail to attend
要るいるto need
返すかえすto return, to return something
使うつかうto use
事実じじつtruth, fact, reality
じつtruth, reality
乗り物のりものvehicle
発音はつおんpronunciation
部分ぶぶんportion, section, part
教えおしえteaching, instruction, teachings, lesson, doctrine
付近ふきんneighborhood, neighbourhood, vicinity, environs, nearby, locality
部首ぶしゅradical
表すあらわすto express
ハート形ハートがた, はーとがたheart shaped
丁度ちょうどexactly, just
具合ぐあいcondition, health
生物せいぶつliving things, creatures, bio
送るおくるto send
名古屋なごやnagoya
平和へいわpeace, harmony
見物けんぶつsightseeing, sightseer, watching, watcher, viewing, viewer
金持ちかねもちrich person, rich, wealthy

 

NihongoMaster

I spent several days reviewing particle usage due to getting too many drills wrong relating to particles. I’ve increased my accuracy a lot, but still need to work on them more. I caved and made a OneNote on particle grammar (after I said I only write down notes in a notebook).  Now I have pages for each particle, complete with examples!

My OneNote notes on Particles

My OneNote notes on Japanese Particles

 

I also decided to add all the verbs I’ve learned in NihongoMaster, since I can search and sort the tables. Here is my Godan verb page.

Nihongo Master Verbs

Nihongo Master – Godan Verbs

 

I didn’t think I’d get much done with all this particle and verb review, but luckily, all the lessons covered kanji or vocab I already learned in WaniKani. But in NihongoMaster, I get to see and work with them in actual sentences!

You’ll notice a lot of my grammar lessons involve counters in both NihongoMaster and Human Japanese. Japanese have counters for everything it seems! You can’t just say two cats or two papers. There are special “counter” words for everything.

NihongoMaster Lessons

  • Combining two ideas using verb stems, particle に, and motion verbs:
    Topic は Location に {Object を Verb Stem に} 行きます
  • Kanji used in days of the week:  (moon for Monday),  (fire for Tuesday),  (water for Wednesday),  (tree for Thursday),  (gold for Friday),  (soil for Saturday) and  (for weekday)
  • Days of the month counters
  • Months and, combined with days of the month, how to describe a date
  • かぞく (family) and Extended family terms – おばさん (aunt), おじさん (uncle), おばあさん (grandmother), おじいさん (grandfather) – and using these when addressing strangers. Siblings: いもうと (younger sister) and おとうと (younger brother)
  • Kanji:  (come, next),  (now),  (year),  (week) and combining these words for vocabulary
  • People counters, ordinal numbers, “the best”
  • も particles
  • Kanji:  (company, corporation),  (see),  (high, tall),  (yen, circle),  (every) and related vocabulary

HUMAN JAPANESE

Still mostly reviewing all previous chapters, trying to “Master” all the quizzes. But most of the below is a review on what I’ve already learned with NihongoMaster or WaniKani.

  • Chapter 32: Counting Objects
    Teaches how to use numbers in sentences, which requires devices called counters, which are akin to English words like a loaf of bread, a pound of flour, and a bottle of wine.
  • Chapter 33: But…
    Examines how to create compound sentences with the negative conjunction.
  • Chapter 34: Adjectives
    Introduces adjectives in Japanese, along with the surprising fact that, like verbs, they conjugate to indicate tense.
  • Chapter 35: More Adjectives
    A vocab building lesson that adds dozens more adjectives to the student’s repertoire. Includes a dialogue.

JapanesePod101 Listening Practice

I finally settled on a learning track and finished Absolute Beginner Season 1 (25 lessons) and am a quarter of the way through Absolute Beginner Season 2. I plan to go over what I learned in more detail in another post.

What I’ve Learned (4/17 to 4/24)

With the weather turning nicer I’ve been outside a lot walking my dog, but also last week the mmo I’ve been playing for 6 years released Eternal Weapons, so I’ve been questing for that. But I have not neglected my Nihongo studies!

Something new that I’ve added is trying to get more Japanese listening opportunities in. I’ll go over this in more detail in my next post.

NihongoMaster (40% into Beginner)

  • Two “to be” verbs: いる (for animate things that move) and ある (for inanimate things)
  • Describing locations with the above verbs using particle に
  • Review on particles that can be confusing: に, で, and を
  • Learning the Japanese concept of uchi and soto (in-groups or not) and how to speak about family members to various people
  • More Kanji:  (I knew all but “language”, second kanji listed, from WaniKani)
  • Using と to list nouns, “with”, meeting people

Human Japanese

I’m at the end of a big review, so my progress has been slowed. I just want to make sure I completely understand everything before going forward. It nicely parallels NihongoMaster, in a very readable chapter format. Concepts I’ve been focusing on the past week include the “to be” verbs, と usage, particles, family member vocabulary and how to use it when talking within your own family, talking to a friend about their family, or talking about your own family to other people.

  • Chapter 29: Verbs, The Return
    Part vocabulary builder and part grammar lesson, this chapter introduces more verbs, then shows how to create sentences that join multiple verbs in a single statement.
  • Chapter 30: Interrogatives and Ga
    Tracks down the who, what, when, where, and why, which require the use of a new particle, ga.
  • Chapter 31: Cultural Notes: Prices
    Looks into the myth that Japan is an expensive country, relating a recent experience the author had staying in an apartment near Tokyo.

WaniKani – Level 8

CharacterMeaningOnyomiKunyomi
forest, woodsしんもり
versusたい
buddyくんきみ
buyばい
horseうま
sharpenけん
comfort, ease, pleasureらく, がくたの
talk, speakはな, はなし
placeしょところ
electricityでん
answer, response, replyとうこた
number in a series, turn, ordinal numberばん
medicine
interval, interval of time, time intervalかん, けんあいだ, ま
bureau, departmentきょく
somebody, someone, bodyしん
morningちょうあさ
someone, somebodyしゃもの
road, street, path, wayどうみち
helpじょたす, すけ
suit, fit, joinごう, がっあ, あい
dwelling, reside, dwellじゅう
antiはん
throwとう
service, dutyやく
decide, decisionけつ
support, branchささ
count, number, amountすうかぞ, かず
location, placeじょう
drawing, painting
researchきゅうきわ
cloudうんくも

My Kanji Wallpaper (generated today) is filling out nicely!

Kanji wallpaper

Kanji wallpaper

Looking at some of the very first kanji I’ve learned, it won’t be until four months until I review them again – and hopefully burn them!

Next Review: 

Unlocked Date: February 28, 2017

End of August… seems so far away.

What I Learned This Week (4/9 to 4/16)

Here’s what I learned this past week! Sorry it is up a bit later than I wanted, it was a busy end of the week.

WaniKani

New Kanji, level 7. The first few days of a new level keeps me pretty busy, plus I tried my best to do some KaniWani, the reverse site, I am pretty far behind.

CharacterMeaningOnyomiKunyomi
summerげ, か, がなつ
certainひつかなら.ず
house, homeか, けいえ, や, うち
fishぎょさかな
birdちょうとり
boat, shipせんふね
yellowおう
reasonゆうよし, よ.る
tall, expensive, highこうたか.い
not yetま.だ, いま.だ, ひつじ
lackけつか.ける
blackこくくろ.い
attach
weakじゃくよわ.い
areaへんあた.り, べ
group, association, teamくみ
strong, strengthきょうつよ.い
by means of, by the means of, by way of, by the way of
wind, styleふうかぜ
write down, recordしる.す
paperかみ
time, o'clock, hourとき
reasonことわり
teachきょうおし.える, おそ.わる
endまつすえ
schoolこう
family name, last name, surnameうじ
peoples, people, nationみんたみ
faultしつうしな.う
bill, label, noteさつふだ
weekしゅう
pass throughつうとお.る, かよ.う
snowせつゆき

NihongoMaster (35% into Beginner)

  • へ particle – indicating direction of motion (its only use). Pronounced as “e”.
  • New Kanji – 
  • Polite past tense
  • Negative past tense (えいごのじゅぎょうはおもしろくありませんでした。)
  • particle で  with verbs and objects: フォークピザをたべますか。
    in using locations: としょかんべんきょうをします。
  • Knowing when to use に and when to use で
  • Particle  が and describing people: ジョンさんはせがたかいですか。
  • From Here to There, using から and まで
  • Honorific Where どちら
  • And lots of new vocab and verbs relating to the above lessons

I also joined their Daily Jōyō Kanji Challenge, where I get three new kanji sent to my email everyday. What I’m doing is adding these to my NihongoMaster drills everyday. So far I know all of them, they are all having to do with numbers.

HumanJapanese App

I did a massive review, took all the chapter tests from the beginning. You get more points until you “master” each question, which I think is if you get it right 4 times in a row.

  • Chapter 24: Objects and Wo
    Opens up new grammatical vistas by introducing the particle wo, which marks the direct object in a sentence.
  • Chapter 25: Existence and Ni
    Introduces a second use for the particle ni, which is to indicate the location of existence for some verbs.
  • Chapter 26: Friends and Family
    Teaches the vocabulary needed to talk about everyone and their brother.
  • Chapter 27: Recreation and Leisure
    A vocabulary lesson packed with words related to sports, recreation, and leisure.
  • Chapter 28: Post-positional Phrases
    Puts the particle no to use in a new way by showing how to construct sentences that use what are called prepositional phrases in English, such as “on top of the refrigerator,” or “inside the car.”

Remembering the Kanji

Remembering the Kanji

Remembering the Kanji

New to my blog’s weekly updates is this book – Remembering the Kanji, by James W. Heiseg.

So many people have used this book to learn their kanji, and many new programs are heavily influenced by Remembering the Kanji (RTK for short). I figure I’ll go through some of the lessons to check out what it’s about.

What I Learned This Week

This is Week 2 of “What I Learned This Week” for the blog! Incidentally, I am considering this Month 2 of my Japanese studies, where I’m really buckling down and not planning to stop.  Before I start, I am going to be adding my progress to the right side bar, up on top. So it’s very visible and you can see where my progress is in my two main learning tools. As of week 2, I am 30% into NihongoMaster Beginner classroom and Level 6 for WaniKani.

Kanji

Let’s start with the Kanji studies.

CharacterMeaningOnyomiKunyomi
deceased, deathぼうな.く
relax, cheapあんやす.い
bothりょう
brightめいあ, あか.るい, あき.らか
shop, storeてんみせ
science
southなんみなみ
walkある.く, あゆ.む
deathし.ぬ
sheepようひつじ
front, beforeぜんまえ
long, leaderちょうなが.い
starせいほし
nextつぎ
haveゆう, うあ.る
older sister, big sister, elder sisterお.ねえ, あね, ねえ
livelyかつ
behind, after, back, rearご, こううし.ろ, あと, のち
countryこくくに
capitalきょうみやこ
eat, mealしょくた.べる, く
younger sister, little sisterまいいもうと
earth, groundち, じ
night, eveningよ, よる
state, province, countyしゅう
point, decimal, decimal pointてんつ.ける
think, thoughtおも.う
drawing, paintingが, かく
yonder, facingこうむ.き
neckしゅくび
changeば.ける, ば.かす
teaちゃ, さ
music, bendきょくま.げる, ま.がる
bloodけつ
all, wholeぜんすべ.て, まった.く
knowし.る
roomしつ
eastとうひがし
sea, oceanかいうみ
fix, directちょく, じきなお.す

 

Grammar/Vocab

NihongoMaster

In my main resource, NihongoMaster, since last week I’ve learned a dizzying assortment of new grammar! I’m now 30% into Beginner.

  • Adverbs – and how to express myself in varying degrees
  • Verbs! – I learned so many new things about verbs. This made me feel like a little school child knowing I’m just beginning to learn such basic things. I learned there is a polite and dictionary form of verbs. I learned three kinds of verbs and how to obtain the stem and polite form – Irregular, Ichidan, and Godan. And of course learned a whole slew of new vocabulary verbs.
  • More な adjectives: Like/dislike/skilled/unskilled/like very much and how to use these concepts
  • Demonstrative words (I even blogged a huge lesson on Demonstratives!)
  • Conjunctions -“but” and “and”
  • Verbs “come” and “go”
  • More about で and に particle usage

Human Japanese app

Read the following chapters this past week. I was thrilled it followed along with my NihongoMaster studies, and I plan to do my best to sync them from now on, doing NihongoMaster lesson first, and then Human Japanese app lesson.
  • 20. The Possessive and No – Introduces the particle no, used to indicate a possessive relationship between two things.
  • 21. Verbs – Explains how verbs work in Japanese, including how to use them in sentences and how to conjugate them to their various forms.
  • 22. Cultural Notes: The Countryside – Offers a glimpse of small town life in the Japanese countryside.
  • 23.  Directions and Ni – Shows how to indicate direction with the particle ni.

Genki 1

Since so many use this text, I thought I’d check it out. I read the first chapter and did the workbook.

Books

Since I can’t quite yet read books in Japanese, I’m reading books about Japanese. Both of these two books are free with Amazon Kindle Unlimited!

 

 

 

What I’m Learning this Week

Since I’m using this as a document of my progress in learning, a weekly report on what I’m currently learning would be a great thing to add.  I’d like to settle on a specific day to do this, but since the idea just occurred to me last night, I’ll start today!

Unfortunately my dynamically-pulled Kanji data from WaniKani doesn’t work all the time in the blog, I’m just adding a static table to show the Kanji I’m working on. Oh, how I love technology! I’m working on 42 Kanji characters this week for Level 5 of WaniKani. The table below allows you to view, sort and page through the kanji.

Kanji I’m Learning This Week

From WaniKani

Total since I’ve started:

Radicals 141
Kanji 145
Vocabulary 321
Total 607

Currently starting to learn:

Kanji I'm Working On

CharacterMeaningOnyomiKunyomi
meatにくNone
西westせい, さいにし
voiceせいこえ
runそうはし.る
goldきんかね
valleyこくたに
rainあめ, あま
mixこうまじ, ま, か
forest, woodsりんはやし
times, revolveかいまわ.*
goこう, ぎょうい.く, おこな.う, ゆ.く
home village, home town, hometownさと
soundおんおと, ね
sellばい
color, colourしき, しょくいろ
selfじ, し
diagramず, とえ, はか.る
rice, americaべい, まいこめ
come, nextらいく.る
near, closeきん, こんちか.い
right, success, correctとうあ.たる
many, much, lots ofおお.い
shape, appearance, formけいかた, かたち
grass, weedそうくさ
sayげん, ごんい.う, こと
sunlight, lightこうひかり, ひか.る
feather, feathers, wing, wingsはね, は
bodyたいからだ
meetかいあ.う
makeさく, さつく.る
sameどうおな.じ
pondいけ
study, learn, learningがくまな.ぶ
think, considerこうかんが
younger brother, little brotherだい, で, ていおとうと
whatなに, なん
everyまいごと
companyしゃやしろ
skyくうそら, あ, から
angle, cornerかくかど
blueせい, しょうあお
wheatばくむぎ
Kanji I'm Working On - Level 5

I reinforce the Kanji I learn from WaniKani with a supplemental fan site called KaniWani which reverses the drills. Instead of being shown Kanji, I am shown the definition in English, and I write it in Japanese. More about that later. I also use an app called Kanji Drills on my phone a little bit each day.

Grammar (and more) I’m Learning this week

Just an aside, some of the grammar resources I’m using are still simultaneously teaching me hiragana and katakana. NihongoMaster has already taught me all the kana, and now they are slowly easing into Kanji, but most of the lessons are in kana yet.

From NihongoMaster.com

  • Verbs します (to do), しごとします (to work), べんきょうします (to study), そうじします (to clean)
  • Particles  を, の, に
  • Days of the Weeks

I can read a sentence like this:  私は十二じにごはんをたべます。(I will eat dinner at twelve o’clock.”

From YesJapan books and website

I bought almost all the YesJapan books – Japanese From Zero 1-3, still need to buy 4. I also just started Kanji From Zero 1. I’ll blog about these very soon!

From Japanese From Zero! 1 book and website

  • Possession (かのじょは にじゅうきゅうさい です。)
  • Colors and Adjectives (わたしの くるまは しろと くろと あおです。)
  • Likes and Dislikes (わたしの ともだちは さかなが だいきらいです。)

From Human Japanese App

I’m taking the descriptions of the chapters I’m reading right from their website.

  • Food – Introduces dozens of culinary vocabulary words, allaying any fears the reader might have about Japanese food.
  • Demonstratives – Teaches how to use sets of words like “this,” “that,” “that (over there),” and “which one?”, which always come in convenient four-packs.

Lesson Comparison in learning 久しぶり (Long Time No See)

First, a quick update on what I’ve been learning this week. Lots of new kanji and vocabulary! Thanks to leveling up in WaniKani, a whole slew of new radicals/kanji/vocab to learn. In NihongoMaster I’m learning new verbs (a few weeks ago I knew only desu), as well as getting to understand the various verb endings. I got five new Kanji to learn in NihongoMaster yesterday. The big difference in NihongoMaster is that they use it in sentences and such, so I get experience really reading it and listening to it in action.

Something cool from this week was seeing the same word in both my favorite learning websites! So today I’m going to give a lesson comparison between the two. They tackle two different things, so they shine in different ways. And now, the lessons where I learned LONG TIME NO SEE.

ひさしぶり in NihongoMaster

I first encountered it in NihongoMaster in the form of a manga (Japanese comic). This was presented as a new word, I’d never seen it before.

アマンダさん Runs Into A Friend

Here is the full lesson, I just learned how to do an entire screen capture of a page. I will share the full page here (click to see the original size), so you can see a typical lesson, but I normally won’t do this, as you will want to experience it yourself with your own NihongoMaster account, plus the page was super long!

In reading Japanese comics, you start from the top right, and work your way left, in both the frames and word bubbles.

So here the lesson starts with the manga, then proceeds to explain the new concepts in more detail, which in this lesson are:

  • And You? ~ は?
  • The Invitation: Negative Questions
  • The Vocabulary Section (six new words)
  • And then a detailed explanation, with a complete line-by-line of the comic

All of this includes the audio, stroke order animations, and an option for you to record your pronunciation. NihongoMaster is so awesome in how it gives the lesson in a chunk I can handle, and offers various media as in pictures, comics and sound. Stroke order is handy too. But I love the practice in reading and listening!

Next, 久しぶり in WaniKani

Then I’m on to WaniKani, and I’m sounding out this new Kanji I just learned. And I’m like, Wait, I know that word! Sure enough, eventually I learn the Vocabulary word, and there it is. This is how WaniKani first presents a new Radical, Kanji, or Vocabulary word. Extremely well done user interface.  The use of color, minimal distractions makes the site so easy to use.

WaniKani Vocab page

Here is the page on the Vocabulary word. If you click it, you can see the way they help you set the word in your memory, with vivid verbal imagery mnemonics. In this one, here’s the mnemonic to help you remember the しぶり (shiburi) part.

Just imagine that she buried you alive, then a few days later came back to dig you up. The first thing she says is “LONG TIME NO SEE!

I can’t believe how effect it is to learn new kanji. You can also add your own mnemonic if you think of something you might remember better.

All in all, a great week learning Japanese!